LED car headlights heat dissipation problem.

LED car headlights heat dissipation problem.

How to solve the heat dissipation problem in the small space of LED car headlights, and then reach the national standard of car lights at an ambient temperature of 50℃, and the higher junction temperature should not exceed 80℃.

At present, the design power of the low beam and high beam of the car is concentrated between 40~60W, and the LED car headlights reaches 80W or more, plus the width indicator light, direction light, etc., which are produced under high power It is very difficult for thermal energy not to exceed 80°C, so it will be a difficult problem for engineers to solve the heat dissipation problem.

led car headlights

Heat and space are inseparable. Under the condition of large space, a cheaper heat dissipation solution can be selected. For example, a street lamp can be easily solved by increasing the heat dissipation aluminum base, but if the phone is enlarged, no one may want it. If it is not solved, it will be like taking a piece of hot coal, so the artificial graphite heat sink is used to disperse the heat. The periphery of the heat source is evenly warmed.

With the concept of space, learn about the heat source of LED car headlights and the required upper limit temperature. The heat source of LED car headlights is to transfer the temperature to the surface through solid heat conduction and then to the gas. The gas convection is slow and passive, so it is particularly important to solve the overall packaging materials and heat sources first.

Everyone knows that LED chips convert electricity into light. The efficiency is generally only 30%, and the remaining 70% becomes heat. If the heat is not released in time, the light efficiency will decrease. The CSP structure used in LED car headlights is related to this structure. One is how much heat is generated by the wattage; the second is the thermal conductivity of the upper and lower materials, which affects the overall temperature uniformity; the third is the thickness of these materials . Table 1 shows the thermal conductivity of various materials. With these concepts, the heat dissipation problem can be solved.